Piet Niet,

Bas Jan Ader, Dutch, 1942–1975
Gouache on paper
Series of eight gouaches
76.2 x 55.9 cm (30 x 22 in.), each
Acquired 2014
During his brief career, the Dutch artist Bas Jan Ader produced a small yet powerfully influential body of work that achieves an unlikely balance of irony and sincerity. Indeed, it has been easy to romanticize Ader’s practice because of his tragic final work, In Search of the Miraculous (1975): the artist was presumably lost at sea during a foolhardy solo attempt to pilot a modest sailboat across the Atlantic Ocean. But it is crucial to retain a sense of his wit and intellect. As a resident of Los Angeles, Ader became part of the West Coast Conceptual Art movement and gained enough physical distance from Europe to challenge the high seriousness of that continent’s modern masters. Piet Niet is one of several works Ader made in direct response to the early avant-garde painter Piet Mondrian, whose radically reductive geometric abstractions hewed to a rigid system of limited colors and perpendicular angles. In this rare painted work, Ader spelled out the letters of Mondrian’s first name in primary colors, intercut with the Dutch word niet, which is a negation much like the English not or no. This oppositional statement is strengthened by Ader’s use of diagonal lines—disallowed in Mondrian’s system—and by the satisfying, almost singsong rhyme. The Dutch master’s stringent commitment to reductive principles and extreme rationalism proves antithetical to Ader’s own, more metaphorical quest, which ultimately placed his fate in the hands of nature.